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Turbyne & Associates

P.O. Box 738

Auburn, ME 04212



Participant(s) Name(s):

                    A 3-Day Didactic and Clinical Radiographer Course

For Dental Auxiliaries Preparing to take the DANB Examination

to qualify for a Maine Dental Radiographer License 



Monthly classes will start in 2021, please call 207-577-3149  or email turbyne@roadrunner.com for available dates, information and registration!



Goal:  Participants shall understand and demonstrate effective clinical radiographic skills and film management that will protect the patient, the operator, and produce quality films for dental diagnosis and treatment.


Didactic: A pre course study period of 11 weeks will be assigned. The purchase of the Textbook: “Dental Radiography Principles and Techniques” 5th Edition, 2016, will be separately ordered by the student. Amazon.com/books/Dental Radiography Principles and Techniques” 5e, 2016. The book can be ordered new, used or as Kindle book. Chapter quiz answers are emailed to the instructor for review and coaching according to dates established.  Students will have access to instructors via email for assignments and questions.



Ø  Clinical Course Objectives:  8:00am – 5pm Each Day

1.    Identify X-ray machine components, settings, and activation switches which protect the patient and produce quality films.

2.   Demonstrate equipment identification and film holder assembly.

3.   Demonstrate proper Infection Control Techniques during all radiographic

      procedures, Intra-oral/Extraoral Equipment including 3D Cone Beam and Nomad machines

4.    Demonstrate seating, shielding, film placement of bite-wing radiographs, FMX, and a panorex on a manikin and a patient. (Instructors will activate all x-rays machines)

5.    Demonstrate proper film development techniques for bite-wing and FMX  


6.    Demonstrate proper film mounting and labeling of bite-wing and FMX


8.  Demonstrate proper labeling of a panorex and duplicate films.

9.  Demonstrate proper documentation of radiographic exposures.  


Ø  Course Outline

1.   Introduction and Basic Principals of Radiation

  -Radiation History, Radiation Physics and Characteristics

  -Radiation Biology and Protection

  -Federal/State Radiation Safety Rules

  -State of Maine Dental Radiographer Rules & Regulations


2.   Equipment and Technical Basics

          -Dental X-ray Equipment, Dental X-ray Film and Image Characteristics

          -Dental X-ray Film Processing

          -The Darkroom, Manual Film Processing, Automatic Film Processing

          -Quality Control and Equipment Maintenance


3.  The Dental Radiographer

          -Dental Radiographs Uses & Benefits

          -Patient Communication and Education

          -Legal Issues and Documentation, Infection Control


4.   Introduction to Types of Radiographic Examinations

 -Bitewings, Full Mouth Survey, Panorex, Cephlametric, 3D Cone Beam Technology


5.   Introduction to Radiographic Techniques

 -Paralleling,  Bisecting, Bite-wing, and Age-Appropriate Techniques


6.   Normal Anatomy for Mounting Intraoral Films


7.    Radiographic techniques for the Full Mouth Series (FMX) and FMX patient management techniques and trouble shooting.


8.   Film Techniques

 -Occlusal, Endodontic, Edentulous techniques and Patients with disabilities

 -Film Duplication


9.    Introduction to Panorex and Cephlametric Radiology


10.  Panorex  equipment, operation, patient/operator safety, exposure,


       and record keeping


11.  Introduction to Digital Radiography, Extra Oral Radiology, Implant Radiology, 3D Cone Beam


12.  Review of the course in preparation for the DANB Exam


·         Kit to be brought to the class by each Participant: 

q  The textbook  “Dental Radiography Principles and Techniques, 5th Edition”

      by J. Haring and L. Jansen-Holsworth, 2016.  ISBN 978-0-323-29742-4, 

q  Gloves (1 box, powder free)

q   Masks  (1 box),  Lab Coat, and Safety Glasses

q  Lab Coat



PROGRAM COST:   $875.00 




Cathy Turbyne, RDH, MS, Ed.D., AGD/PACE Provider #209585, 4/1/21 - 3/31/24    

Dr. Turbyne is the founder and President of Turbyne & Associates, an OSHA/Risk

Management and Human Resource/Business Management Development firm. 

Her 35 years of experience in OSHA and the human resource field, include

site-audits, program and training design,implementation, and maintenance of 

compliance/management programs for health care andindustrial clients.  She is

also an Exam IT Administrator, for the Commission on DentalCompetency

Assessment (CDCA) dental licensure examinations and an Examiner for CDCA

dental hygiene licensure examinations. 


Kayla Sikora, CDA, BS, MS, Instructor , is a graduate of the University of Southern Maine and has several years experience as an instructor and CDA in the dental field.  She is currently the owner of Sikora and Associates, an educational corporation for dental assistants, a current instructor for the Helping Hands Dental Assisting Program and Turbyne & Associates Radiographer Program.  

Bee Day, CDA, RAD is a Certified Dental Assistant with 37 years in the field of dentistry.  She has served in every capacity in a General Dental Practice.  She is an Instructor with the Helping Hands Dental Assisting Program based in Waterville, ME.  Her teaching, clinical, communication, and administrative skills facilitate the Radiographer Program (RHS), the Infection Control (IC) and General Chairside (GC) Review Programs for Dental Assistants challenging the DANB CDA national Examinations.

Betsy Holt, COA, is a Certified Orthodontic Assistant with 25 years in the field of dentistry, 15 ofthose as a Treatment Coordinator in an Orthodontice Practice. Her clinical, communication, andadministrative skills facilitate the Radiographer Program. 

"DANB is a registered trademark of the Dental Assisting National Board, Inc. (DANB).  

*This course is not reviewed or endorsed by DANB.".

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REGISTRATION FORM  for The Radiographer Program


To Register:   Please send this form and a check payable to Turbyne & Associates:   P.O. Box 738,  Auburn, ME  04210-0738, or REGISTER ON-LINE!  Registration Fee:  $875.00


Dr’s. or Practice Name: ____________________________________________________

 Participant Name(s): ______________________________________________________
Office Address if applicable: _________________________________________________________________________
 Telephone:________ e-mail address ________________ Amount Enclosed $______


For More Information, please call:  207-577-3149 or

email: turbyne@roadrunner.com  

Updated 04/07/2020